Glossary of Commonly Used Legal Terms
We’ve assembled some commonly used legal terms to provide a better understanding of the legal world.
- Apportion/Apportionment – Division into proportionate parts.
- Arbitration – A private dispute resolution process where the parties agree to one or several individuals to decide a matter after receiving evidence and hearing arguments.
- Attendant Care – Any assistance with activities of daily living (e.g. assistance with getting dressed, showering, meal preparation, moving about the home, taking medications, etc.) provided by a family member, friend, or a professional home health care agency. Attendant care ranges from supervision to hands-on, skilled care.
- Average Weekly Wage – The injured employee’s gross earnings in the employment in which the employee was working at the time of injury during the 52 weeks preceding the date of injury. Shorter time periods may be used in this calculation depending upon the length of the employment and the days missed from work during the year before the accident.
- Compensable – A workers’ compensation claim that can be paid out under a workers’ compensation insurance policy. A claim may be a compensable one when the insurance company accepts the claim or when the North Carolina Industrial Commission judicially determines the claim to be compensable.
- Compensation Rate – The amount of an injured employee’s weekly workers’ compensation checks. It is 66 2/3 % of the average weekly wage figure.
- Economics – Financial considerations applicable to a case.
- Expert Witness – An individual with specialized knowledge or proficiency in a particular field that is relevant to a case.
- Life Care Plan – A plan outlining the current and future medical needs, as well as the costs thereof, of an injured individual.
- Medical Negligence/Medical Malpractice – An act or omission by a medical professional that deviates from the accepted medical standard of care and causes injury to or the death of an individual.
- North Carolina Industrial Commission – The judicial body that makes decisions regarding North Carolina workers’ compensation claims.
- Temporary Total Disability Benefits – Payments of weekly workers’ compensation benefits at the injured employee’s compensation rate for periods of time the injured employee is held out of work by a doctor or assigned work restrictions that an employer cannot accommodate.
- Third-Party Claim – A civil claim for personal injury caused by the fault or negligence of another individual or entity.
- Vocational Expert – A individual with specialized knowledge of earning capacity and the job market.
- Wrongful Death – A civil claim arising from the death of an individual caused by the negligence or intentional acts of another individual or entity.